There are so many random things you can use for loose parts play! There will be items all round your house, in your shed, in the back of cupboards, in your kitchen – wherever there are odds and ends there are loose parts ready to be played with!
But what sorts of things are good for loose parts play?
The short answer is…
Select items that can have multiple purposes as materials for loose parts play. Any items you can find with interesting textures, smells, shapes, or any other properties are excellent for this purpose.
However, there is a whole lot more to it than that. You will probably want to know specifically what to use, and this article will give you exactly that.
I have split this up into 26 categories of objects, but there are quite a few ideas for each category. So this is at least 100 ideas! (and probably more)
All of these are ideal for certainly children from 3 to 5, and many are perfect for children from birth (just think about safety with younger ones, and there’s a section on this near the end to help).
The big thing is to think about variety. Have a mix of large and small, natural and man-made, rough and smooth, heavy and light, and any other type of contrast you can think of.
Loose parts is brilliant for developing children’s independence, engagement and learning across the whole curriculum. Research suggests it is a wonderful source of creativity (Source)
Right, here we go with the materials…
I thought I would start with an unusual one!
Water is a brilliant loose part. It has an infinite number of uses. Some different types of water lead to different types of learning.
The main sorts are:
- Ice, either in lumps or cubes, or mashed up – great for exploring and investigating in a big tray.
- Ice with loose parts frozen into it – e.g. cogs, corks or pegs
- Colored water
Black And White Objects
The contrast between black and white is really stimulating to babies and toddlers in particular. This provides an extra level of interest, and fires their imagination.
Having a collection of black and white objects stored together in something like a treasure basket, or heuristic basket, really gets children’s interest. Some examples of black and white loose parts include:
Black – a belt, leather gloves, felt, scarves, wool
White – buttons, material, pegs, egg cups
Black and white objects are particularly good in treasure baskets. You can find out about what a treasure basket is here.
There all sorts to leaves that you can find, and they can be used in lots of different ways. Some great examples are:
- Autumn leaves that are different colors
- Weeds that you might find in your setting or school
- Leaves from trees
- Leave from plants (it is better to let them fall off naturally if you can)
Smelly Loose Parts!
One of the great things about loose parts is that it is multi-sensory. One sense that really engages children’s sense of curiosity is smell!
Here are some interestingly smelling items to jazz up loose parts play:
- Whole Oranges, lemons, limes, grapefruit
- These same types of fruit but sliced up (great in water play, and transitional art)
- Cinnamon sticks
- Herbs like lavender, rosemary, basil and thyme. Many of these have interesting textures, as well as being visually appealing also. Some, such as lavender, have relaxing properties
Children…are inventors, “safecrackers”, and re-builders of theories and behaviours that elude any presumptuousness or predictability of methods.Loris Malguzzi
Brightly Colored V Natural
It is great to have a balance between things that are brightly colored, and those that are more naturally beige or wooden color.
Some bright things could be: bottle tops, pompoms, plastic pegs, gems
Some more natural/beige colors could be: wood slices, pebbles, corks, sticks
Tyres are so engaging!
They are great for all the vehicle enthusiasts out there, and there are always loads of those where young children are concerned.
Tyres are great for stacking, rolling, turning into vehicles, sitting in, climbing, constructing, and so many other uses!
Some excellent types of tyres you can use include:
- Bike tyres. You can also get the whole wheel which is really engaging with all the spokes in it – great for exploration
- Car tyres – super for outdoor loose parts construction
- Tractor tyres – you will need help to lift these with something like a mini-crane. When they are in position there is basically no moving them as well, so think carefully where to put them!
- Truck tyres
- Tyres off toy cars
Tyres are billiant for outdoor loose parts play. If you want to find out a full list of outdoor loose parts actvities then go here.
Noisy Loose Parts!
This is another way of making loose parts as multi-sensory as possible. Things that make sounds develop children’s listening and attention skills. This is good for communication and also lays the foundations for phonics and early literacy.
Look for noisy objects such as the following:
- Dog toys
- Shakers with loose parts in them – e.g. made out of a bottle or small container
- Small bags with things in like coins
These come in all sorts of wonderful colors, sizes and shapes.
Find as many different ones as you can.
They are great for filling with different things, as well as making patterns, and transitional art.
Wood is another thing that is the main material of many objects both natural and man-made.
Here are some examples of wooden loose parts that you can use:
- Wood slices – you can get these in all sorts of sizes. You can either buy them quite cheaply, or if you like sawing then why not cut your own?
- Pegs – Wooden clothes pegs are a brilliant loose parts resource
- Twigs and sticks
- Wooden bowls or plates
- Wooden containers
Flowers are a beautiful and engaging resource that even adults love just as much as children.
There are so many things about them that are interesting – their symmetry, their fabulous colors, their fragrance, their frailty and short-lived beauty.
There are many different types of flowers, and parts of flowers, such as:
- Their stems
- Individual petals
- Roses, lillies, geraniums, and other flowers like this
- Flowers that are traditionally seen as weeds, like daises, buttercups and dandelions.
There are loads of different types of seeds around, and they are great for loose parts play. They really work well with things like tweezers or tongs, and children can post them into different contains.
They are good for stacking, making maps, representing things in play, and many more things. Some good types of seed include:
- Pine cones – these come in many different sizes
- Nuts – brazil nuts, almonds, walnuts. These have very different textures, for example a rough walnut, and a smooth brazil nut.
- Dried sunflower seeds (or other small seeds)
DIY Box Equipment
They really love playing with this kind of stuff.
All these are excellent for fine motor skills, and all the twisting, turning and picking up they require.
They are also good for building and imagining. So take a look in your tool box and see if you can find any…
- Bolts (these are the long metal things that nuts screw onto)
Brushes are obviously something that do have a use anyway, but can also be used for more random loose parts play. Brushes can represent things in a picture, such as a tree! They could be a character in small-world situations.
They are also really good for babies and toddlers in particular, for use in treasure baskets or for heuristic play.
Some varieties of brush include:
- Nail brush
- Hair brush
- Pipe cleaners
Sponges have a fascinating texture that children find really interesting.
Some are coarse, some are smoother. Here are some types to try:
- Sea sponges
- Small sections of sponge
- Car sponges
These are something else that are a core ingredient of loose parts play.
Some different types of pebbles include:
- Different colors – e.g. white, grey, brown, black
- Patterned stones
- Multicolored, e.g. black and grey streaks
- Sparkly or dull
- Round or flat
- Pummice stones
Pebbles are one of the ultimate resources, and can be used in other areas of the early years ouside of loose parts. If you want to find out more about this, then why not take a look at this definitive guide to using story stones.
This is another more unusual idea, but a brilliant material to use as a loose part. Grass is so abundant, but yet so interesting!
It can have a wonderful smell, and be so versatile in art, storytelling, or construction.
Some types of grass you can use include:
- Freshly mown grass
- Bales of hay
- Long grass
In any environment, both the degree of inventiveness and creativity, and the possibility of discovery, are directly proportional to the number and kinds of variables in it.Simon Nicholson
This is about a thousand materials all in one category.
Any soft materials you can find are great for loose parts for many reasons. They are bendy, soft, or sometimes multicolored. You can wrap them round things.
Here are some types of textiles you can try out:
- Gauze – They love this because it is so rough to the touch
- Silk – things like handkerchiefs, scarves, or pieces of raw material
- Cotton – sheets, pillow-cases, shirts, sections of clothing
- Wool – either in a ball, or just a string, or knitted into a piece of material
- String – great for wrapping and making lines and treasure hunts
Soft items are brilliant for babies to explore in particular. To find out the benefits of using different materials with babies and toddlers then check this out.
These are great for stacking, art, building, rolling, and many other things too.
They are good in water play because they don’t sink.
You can buy packets of corks all in one go, or collect them whenever you have a spare one.
Soil And Other Types Of Dirt!
This is another category that has multiple types of substance involved.
Dirt is great for mark-making, building, exploring, and investigating. Some excellent types of dirt for loose parts includes:
- Soil – Excellent for digging, building, imagining
- Mud – Super for mark-making, role-play, investigating
- Dry bark – I know someone that uses this for their mud kitchen. They find it much easier to clean, and the children can do many of the same skills – pouring, mixing, imagining, and using culinary resources
Plastic is just as much a loose part as any other type of material. Things do not have to be natural to inspire learning, although there undoubtedly advantages of using natural materials a lot of the time.
Plastic containers are good for posting, containing things, transporting, building, and many other things.
Some good things to use include:
- Yoghurt pots
- Milk bottles
- Baby food pots
- Small plastic pots
Be careful of any jagged bits with any tins or cans you use.
As long as they are safe they are great for all sorts of imaginative play.
Use tins and cans of different sizes and shapes.
These are something that children can do all sorts with.
They love using them in big outdoor construction. They are great for loose parts role-play, for example making a pretend pirate ship.
You will see groups of children walking around holding them, or balancing on them to walk along.
You can find ropes of different sizes such as the following:
- Ropes from ships or boats
- Guide ropes
- Bungee ropes
These can be very exciting. They are great for all sorts of imaginative play, such as capturing ‘baddies’. Also, you can hang things from them such as coat hangers.
The main difference in the types of chains you can get is the size – get large and small if you can.
Chains are fantastic for scientific investigating. If you want to find out more about science and loose parts play then take a look at this.
Posting things into pots is one of the most exciting activities for many young children.
There are many varied containers you could find, and a whole host of uses children will come up with. Some containers include:
- Buckets – metal or plastic
- Pots and pans
- Egg cups
- Small pots of different materials
- Old jugs or teapots
Who would associate paper as being a loose part!?
But of course, it is!
Paper can be used to write on, but that is just one of its uses as far as young children are concerned.
It can also be used to build, to rip up and use as part of transitional art, to add to their construction, or use in role play or other situations.
Here are some types of paper you could use:
- Newspaper – great for its contrasting black and white colors
- Cardboard boxes and tubes
- Sheets of paper
Gutters And Tubes
If you know a plumber, or anyone that maybe works on a building site, they can be a brilliant source of receiving loose parts!
Any parts that can be used for plumbing, can be used for play, and the more random the better. Some super things to use include:
- Gutters – plastic are probably better, but potentially metal
- Tubes of different lengths and sizes
- Different pipe joints and joists you can find
All these things are excellent for investigating, making ramps, waterplay, big-scale construction, making obstacle courses, and lots of other types of loose parts play as well.
Top Tips For Loose Parts Play Safety
Loose parts play is not really very risky, but here are some pointers just to help you safely manage any risks that might come along:
- The main issue to be concerned about is choking – If you think children are going to put any smaller items into their mouths, then risk assess. Either do not do the activity, or supervise. Do not use small objects with very young children.
- Young children getting fingers stuck – This is something just to be aware of with babies in particular. Avoid things like whisks that have parts that babies can trap fingers.
- Wrapping things around their necks by mistake – This is often an issue with children between about the age of 1 and 2 (though can happen later). Things to avoid at this age are things like belts, chains, or ropes.
This article is just one of many I have written about loose parts play.
I really would recommend you check out the book I wrote along with Debby Stevens – Loose Parts Play – A Beginners Guide
Also here are some other articles you might like if you’ve found this one useful: